A History and Style Guide of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a martial art based in ground fighting. It is unlike many other ground fighting styles, particularly in the way that it teaches practitioners to fight from their backs.
Today, nearly all MMA fighters train in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu due to the success that past practitioners have had in the sport.
The History of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Over four centuries ago in northern India, Buddhist monks were busy going about the dangerous work of trying to spread the word of ‘Buddha’ in a world that wasn’t always kind to roaming peoples. In order to defend themselves from attacks that happened along the way, they developed a form of grappling that allowed them to subdue opponents without killing them. Eventually this style of fighting made its way to Japan where it was improved upon and called jujutsu or jiu jitsu. Judo is a derivative of jiu- jitsu.
The Japanese sought to hide jujutsu and its derivatives from the western world, but nothing lasts forever. In 1914, Kodokan Judo master Mitsuyo Maeda (1878-1941) came to stay at the household of Brazil’s Gastao Gracie. Gracie helped Maeda with business in the area and in appreciation of this, Maeda taught Gastao’s eldest son, Carlos, the art of judo. In turn, Carlos taught the other children in the family what he knew, including the smallest and youngest of his brothers, Helio.
Helio often felt at a disadvantage when practicing with his brothers because many of the moves in judo favored the stronger and larger fighter. Thus, he developed an offshoot of Maeda’s teachings that favored leverage over brute strength and refined the formula for fighting from one’s back on the ground. Today the art that Helio refined is called Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
Characteristics of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is an art based in ground fighting. Along with this, it teaches takedowns, takedown defense, ground control, and especially submissions. Submissions refer to holds that either cut off an opponent’s air supply (chokes) or look to take advantage of a joint (such as armbars).
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu fighters tend to feel very comfortable fighting from a position called the guard, if need be. The guard position– in essence, wrapping one’s legs around an opponent to limit their movement– is what allows them to fight from their backs so effectively, and is also something that separates their art from most other grappling styles.
Basic Goals of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu fighters look to take their opponents to the ground. When on top they generally hope to escape their opponents’ guard and move to either side control (positioned across an opponents’ chest) or the mount position (sitting over their ribs or chest). From there, depending on the situation, they may choose to continually strike their opponent or set up a submission hold.
When on their backs, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu fighters are very dangerous. From the guard various submission holds can be employed. They may also seek to turn their opponent over in an attempt to reverse their fortunes.
Royce Gracie Proves Brazilian Jiu Jitsu’s Worth
On November 12, 1993, Helio’s son Royce showed the world what Brazilian Jiu Jitsu could do by taking home the inaugural Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) trophy in an open weight, barely-any-rules tournament. Even more impressive was the fact that at only 170-pounds he went on to win three of the first four UFC Championship Tournaments. Since Royce Gracie made his family’s style of jiu jitsu famous, many other variations of jiu jitsu have popped up. All of these are in some way attributable to Gracie Jiu Jitsu.
The History of Carlson Gracie Academy Nova Geracao Academy
Considered by many as the most successful Brazilian Jiu Jitsu academy in the history of the sport, the Carlson Gracie Jiu Jitsu Team was the true juggernaut of competitive BJJ in the 1970’s, 1980’s and early 1990’s. A team remembered for big names such as “Serginho de Niteroi”, Amauri Bitetti, Ricardo De La Riva, Ricardo Liborio, Paulo Filho and many, many others, the Carlson Gracie Academy was also the flagship for innovation in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, having added strong trends such as group classes, a strong focus on sport BJJ and the use of animals in the academy’s logo(s), all ideas coming from the leader of the team, the late Master Carlson Gracie. the differences between the more traditional Gracie Academy and Carlson Gracie Academy was sport Jiu Jitsu. Helio Gracie saw Jiu Jitsu first and foremost as a self defence weapon, while Carlson believed in a (healthy) competitor’s spirit and competition was his main focus as a coach – which proved to be the key for his team’s success. An example of how serious Carlson was about competition was that recognizing that there weren’t enough tournaments throughout the year in the 1970’s to keep his students sharp, he would often bring students from other academies in to train with his pupils and attest what needed to be worked on next.
The Carlson Gracie Academy style, also became famous as many of his students were renowned for their strong top game, a game based on muscle and perseverance, which had been tried and tested by the team’s master himself on Vale Tudo shows in his youth. Though this perception of a heavy set game in reality did not mirror the technical value of the team and many other fighters at the academy who proved their worth with dangerous guard games that revolutionized the BJJ sport; grapplers such as De La Riva and Cassio Cardoso.This variety of styles and the willingness of his students to compete, took the team to a level well above anyone else in BJJ at the time.
Team Fight Sports was born
The Fight Sports Academy started due to the needs of Master Roberto Cyborg Abreu of having a place to train and build a better environment of life style.
Mr. Roberto Abreu, Cyborgs Dad, was always his best supporter and together they put up the first Fight Sports Training Center in Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul Brazil in April 2003. Cyborg was still a purple belt when he first opened Fight Sports, but with lots of hard work, more and more people started joining the Team and the project proved to be an immediate success.
Fight Sports was an Academy built with the intent to build A long-running school from the Carlson Gracie/Nova Geracao lineage, a fusion of a competitive school with the structure of a family. Fight Sports from the beginning had a massive growth and the TEAM didn’t take long to shine! On the 12/20/2004, Master CYBORG was graduated Black Belt, by the hands of his Master Francisco “TOCO” Albuquerque, at Nova Geracao Academy in Rio de Janeiro – Brazil. In 2007 Fight Sports was already the best school in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, conquering many state championships and even National tornaments. That was it, Brazil was already too small for such a great Team. In the year of 2007 Roberto moved to Miami Florida, and opened Fight Sports Miami.
FS Miami is a well-known name in the world of jiu-jitsu and a popular destination for avid-competitors. We’ve produced Countless champion in all belts, guys like BJJ world champion Roberto ‘Cyborg’ Abreu, Marcel Goulart, Jake Mackenzie and Ricardo Rezende.
Unusual for a jiu-jitsu gym in Miami, FS is located in a center 100% dedicated to combat sports.
FS Association has over 16 affiliate schools around the globe. Cyborg has made numerous National and International champions, like Brazilian National, South American, Pan-American and World champions through the years.
Today we proud ourselves to have the tittle of the best team in the world!